Y.A. Setiawan, S.S. Chirayath, and E.D. Kitcher, “MAPPS: A stochastic computational tool for multi-path analysis of physical protection systems”, Annals of Nuclear Energy, available online 5 October 2019.
We present a new stochastic computational tool, Multi-path Analysis of Physical Protection Systems (MAPPS) useful for Physical Protection System (PPS) effectiveness analysis. MAPPS tool can perform multi-path (adversary paths) analysis using an Adversary Sequence Diagram (ASD) and can determine the Most Vulnerable Path (MVP). The MVP determination by MAPPS uses the concept of Critical Detection Point (CDP). Suitability of MAPSS for PPS design effectiveness analysis is confirmed through an example. A comparison of MAPPS results with the traditional single path analysis (employing the Estimate of Adversary Sequence Interruption-EASI model) shows the advantages of using MAPPS. MAPPS correctly predicts the MVP and the distribution of probability of interruption (PI) values for various adversary strategies including collusion with facility insiders. MAPPS results show that a focusing only on mean of PI value distribution may not be appropriate instead, a analyzing the low probability tail of the PI distribution is important.