K. Ragusa, S. Chirayath, “Insider Threat Case Studies from Industry”, Human Reliability Programs in Industries of National Importance for Safety and Security, Springer Nature, Singapore (2023).
Human Reliability Programs (HRP) addresses the needs of sensitive or high-risk industries to employ the best possible workforce. Trustworthiness is essential to safety because it can help ensure compliance with procedures and works in accordance with other safety measures to reduce human error. An HRP can also mitigate the greatest security threat to these industries, the threat of an intentional insider action that leads to a security breach. In designing an HRP, an understanding of the potential motivations and advantages an insider might have can aid in developing the most effective measures for monitoring employees in these sensitive or high-risk environments. To that end, we have compiled a group of real-life case studies from various industries. These case studies show how difficult it can be to detect an insider action and how complicated their motivations might be. Whether the intent is sabotage of a nuclear power plant or industrial espionage, we can learn a lot about how an insider thinks and acts by studying these historical cases.