R.M. Zedric, S.S. Chirayath, C.M. Marianno, Y. Diawara, N. Skukan, “Bias-dependent Displacement Damage Effects in a Silicon Avalanche Photodiode”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B. 507 (2021).
Radiation effects studies on a commercial beveled-edge avalanche photodiode (APD) showed that applying reverse bias to the device during irradiation enhanced the severity of apparent damage. Proton microbeam irradiations were made using a proton beam energy of 2 MeV and fluence ranging from 2.0 × 1010 to 5.1 × 1012 cm−2. Charge collection measurements using the ion beam induced charge (IBIC) technique showed that relative losses increased by up to an order of magnitude when the reverse bias applied during irradiation increased from 50 to 1500 V. The presence of reverse bias also led to equivalent losses in charge collection that would only be seen in irradiations with an order of magnitude higher fluence in unbiased APDs. The results demonstrate that bias-enhanced irradiation damage is insufficiently understood and must be accounted for in characterizations of radiation effects.