K. Griffin, T. Cuthbert, S. Dewji, and C. Lee “Stylized versus voxel phantoms: a juxtaposition of organ depth distributions”, Phys Med Biol, 65, 6 (2020).
For external irradiation, the variability in organ dose estimation found between computational phantom generations arises particularly from the differences in organ positioning. This work represents the first effort to quantify the differences in organ depth below the body surface between a stylized and voxel phantom series. Herein, the revised Oak Ridge National Laboratory stylized phantom series and the University of Florida/National Cancer Institute voxel phantom series were compared. Both series include whole-body models of the newborn; the 1-, 5-, 10-, and 15-year-old; and the adult human. Organ depths from eight different directions applicable to external irradiation geometries were computed: antero-posterior, postero-anterior, left and right lateral, rotational, isotropic, cranial and caudal directions. Organ depths in the stylized phantoms were computed using a ray-tracing technique available through Monte Carlo radiation transport simulations in MCNP6. Organ depths in the voxel phantom were found using phantom matrix manipulation. Resultant organ depths for both series were plotted as distributions; available are twenty-four organs and two bone tissue distributions for each of six phantom ages and in each of the eight directional geometries. Quantitative data descriptors (e.g. mean and median depths) were also tabulated. For demonstration purposes, a literature review of relevant stylized versus voxel comparison works was performed to explore where the quantification of organ depth differences can provide further insight or evidence to study conclusions. The entire dataset of organ depth distributions and their data descriptors can be found in online supplementary files.