M. Sai Baba I. Chowdhury, V. Nidhi, A.K. Shah, S.S. Chirayath, “A Review of Human Reliability Programs for Nuclear Security”, Journal of Nuclear Materials Management, 49, 4 (2022).
Human Reliability Program (HRP) is a set of procedures, protocols, and the corresponding performance of activities to support and sustain the secure and safe operation of a facility. Our review indicated that HRP is referred to by various names, such as, Personnel Reliability Program (PRP), Trustworthiness Program, and Fitness for Duty Program, with PRP being the most common amongst them. A brief description of the evolution of HRP and its components for Finland, Japan, Jordan, Nigeria, Russia, US, and UK is provided. Details of the Trustworthiness Program by the International Atomic Energy Agency are also provided. Most of the HRPs have similar components and implementation steps with few variations, and they all have identical objectives. Even though a structured HRP may not exist in Indian civil nuclear energy facilities, an account of various HRP components practiced in India is discussed. The HRP review provided should help security practitioners and academics.