A. Khudoleeva, G. Maksimovich Pshakin, V. Fedchenko, A. Solodov, O. Mikhaylova, S.S. Chirayath ,
"Safeguard Game -- The IAEA Inspection in an Imaginary State,"
Proceedings of the INMM 52nd Annual Meeting
, Palm Desert, CA, July 17-21, 2011.
Since 2006 year Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) in
collaboration with Tomsk State University and Tomsk Polytechnic
University has been organizing International Summer Schools on
Nonproliferation Issues for students and graduate students from
different Siberian universities. These Schools include active
involvement of students into the development of education
materials, which among other things resulted in the Textbook for
students interested in non-proliferation regime, to be published in
the 2011. During the School practical exercises was also organized
for fixing the knowledge acquired. One of these exercises was done
in a form of a Safeguards Simulation Game "The IAEA Inspection in
an Imaginary State". The Safeguards Game consisted of the State
Evaluation Report (SER) that serves as a scenario and the Task List
broken down into sequence of questions. Students are divided in two
teams: Inspectors and Clandestine Headquarters of the Imaginary
State. Based on SER and available safeguards tools the Inspectors
try to detect diversion of nuclear materials by identifying
possible diversion routes and putting safeguards systems in place.
In turn, the Clandestine Headquarters try to find a way to divert
enough nuclear materials for a nuclear weapon manufacturing. Thus
both groups of players have to thoroughly consider safeguards
procedures and tools in order to achieve their respective goals.
The game usually ends with the comparison of Secret Headquarters'
diversion scenarios with safeguards measures proposed by
Inspectors, followed by discussion. The Safeguard Game is directed
towards the students already having some theoretical knowledge of
non-proliferation regime and the IAEA safeguards system, but not
fully understanding how it works. In a case of unaware players and
for preparation purposes all necessary initial information about
basics of nuclear physics, main components of nuclear fuel cycle,
history of non-proliferation regime, IAEA safeguards and its tools
can be found in the Textbook. Depending on the awareness level and
educational background of players, the content of SER and extent of
tutor participation may vary. Therefore the Safeguard Game may be
both educational or research activity for students.