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N. Korea Yet to Miniaturize Nukes: Seoul

Posted: Feb 26, 2015 17:17 CST
The Korea Herald

North Korea does not appear to have miniaturized nuclear warheads to fit on its ballistic missiles despite having advanced its technology to "a considerable level," Seoul's defense ministry said Thursday. Officials and experts from South Korea and the United States have said the communist country is believed to have the technology to build nuclear-tipped missiles, though Pyongyang has yet to demonstrate the miniaturization capability.

 

Scientists Witness Greenhouse Effect

Posted: Feb 26, 2015 15:27 CST
World Nuclear News

Scientists have for the first time actually observed an increase in carbon dioxide's greenhouse effect at the Earth's surface. They attributed this upward trend to rising emissions from the burning of fossil fuels. The influence of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) on the balance between incoming energy from the Sun and outgoing heat from the Earth - the planet's so-called 'energy balance' - is well established. However, this effect has not been experimentally confirmed outside a laboratory un...

 

S.Korea's Nuclear Watchdog Approves Restart of Second-Oldest Reactor

Posted: Feb 26, 2015 15:27 CST
Reuters

South Korea's nuclear watchdog said on Friday it had approved the nuclear operator's plan to restart the country's second-oldest reactor and continue running it to 2022, supporting the country's pro-nuclear policy. Seven of nine commissioners at the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission voted for the approval in a meeting that started on Thursday and lasted 14 hours, according to a statement from the nuclear watchdog.

 
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The INF Crisis: Bad Press and Nuclear Saber Rattling

Posted: Feb 26, 2015 15:24 CST
FAS Strategic Security Blog

Russian online newspaper Vzglaid is carrying a story that wrongly claims that I (Hans M. Kristensen, Director of the Nuclear Information Project at the Federation of American Scientists) have said a Russian flight-test of an INF missile would not be a violation of the INF Treaty as long as the missile is not in production or put into service. That is of course wrong. I have not made such a statement, not least because it would be wrong. On the contrary, a test-launch of an INF missile would i...

 

China, India, and Pakistan—Growing Nuclear Capabilities with No End in Sight

Posted: Feb 26, 2015 15:22 CST
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (originally published Feb 25, 2015)

The nuclear weapon programs in China, India, and Pakistan are worthy of attention because they are active, expanding, and diversifying at a time when the overall global trend remains a continuing contraction of nuclear inventories.

 

Regional Nuclear Dynamics

Posted: Feb 26, 2015 15:22 CST
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (originally published Feb 25, 2015)

The most immediately pressing objective of U.S. policy should be to apply vigorous, creative diplomatic and political energy to prevent another crisis between India and Pakistan, and if one cannot be prevented, to manage it with minimal escalation.

 
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Pakistan 4th Nuclear Reactor Has Just Become Operational: Government

Posted: Feb 25, 2015 15:25 CST
Economic Times

The fourth nuclear reactor of Pakistan capable of producing plutonium for use in nuclear weapons has just become operational, government today informed the Lok Sabha. In a written reply in the House, Minister of State for External Affairs V K Singh said the Indian government is aware of Pakistan's nuclear reactors at Khushab. "Government of India is aware that Pakistan is operating nuclear reactors at Khushab capable of producing plutonium for use in Pakistan's nuclear weapon. According to ...

 

5 Nations Want Exploratory Talks on N.K. Nuke Program: Seoul Envoy

Posted: Feb 25, 2015 15:24 CST
Yonhap

Five countries to the six-party talks on ending North Korea's nuclear program have reached a consensus on the need to have exploratory dialogue to gauge Pyongyang's willingness to denuclearize, Seoul's top nuke envoy said. The remarks by Hwang Joon-kook came after he and his Russian counterpart, Morgulov Igor, held a meeting in Moscow on Tuesday to discuss ways to resume the long-stalled six-party talks. Hwang left for Russia on Monday for a three-day visit. Hwang said that five countries -- ...

 
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Nuclear Postures

Posted: Feb 25, 2015 15:24 CST
Arms Control Work

Nuclear postures matter. They frame requirements, add to or detract from stability, and can affect outcomes when deterrence fails, which happens more than expected. Vipin Narang covers this ground in his masterful new book, Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict (2014). Finally, we have a book on proliferation that is rooted in the discipline of Political Science with persuasive explanatory powers and great analytical value. Vipin’s book has one chapter...

 

N. Korea's Possible Nuke Test Forecast to Be More Powerful: Seoul

Posted: Feb 25, 2015 15:23 CST
Yonhap (originally published Feb 24, 2015)

North Korea has continued high-explosive detonation tests and its possible nuclear test is forecast to be much more powerful both in scale and yield than previous ones, Seoul's intelligence authorities said Wednesday. "North Korea has been carrying out high-explosive tests at a test site in Pyongyang to secure technology for weapons miniaturization and stronger explosive power," an official said, requesting anonymity. "Should the North conduct a fourth round of nuclear test, its explosion w...

 

Turkey’s Interests and Tanideh

Posted: Feb 25, 2015 15:23 CST
Arms Control Work (originally published Feb 23, 2015)

Two months from now in New York, cabinet-level officials from 189 countries will read out national statements filled to the brim with resolve to combat the spread of nuclear arms, as they do every five years when the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) is reviewed by its member states. The NPT imposes legally binding obligations on its parties. These include putting peaceful-use nuclear materials under safeguards, and not manufacturing nuclear weapons. But there are other things that consti...

 

Exile Group Accuses Iran of Secret Nuclear Weapons Research

Posted: Feb 25, 2015 15:23 CST
The Washington Post (originally published Feb 24, 2015)

An Iranian exile group on Tuesday accused Iran’s government of conducting secret research with the aim of developing nuclear weapons, even as it is negotiating potential constraints on its ability to do so. The National Council of Resistance of Iran said underground labs in suburban Tehran have been used since 2008 to enrich uranium. It said the plant, named Lavizan-3 after the neighborhood where many officers and their families live, is reached through tunnels leading from under a building o...

 

European Commission Investigating Paks NPP Expansion Deal

Posted: Feb 24, 2015 15:32 CST
Nuclear Street

A spokesperson for the European Commission confirmed that authorities were reviewing Paks nuclear power plant expansion contracts between Hungary and Russia concerning possible violation of antitrust laws. “The award of the Paks nuclear power plant expansion project without a tender procedure has been brought to the attention of the European Commission. Our services are currently examining this issue. And we are of the process of clarifying it with the Hungarian authorities,” the spokeswoman ...

 
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The Role of U.S. Research and Development Policy in Nuclear Power

Posted: Feb 24, 2015 15:32 CST
R Street

The U.S. civil nuclear sector faces a number of challenges that threaten grid reliability and climate mitigation goals. Though current U.S. reactor designs improve confidence in the predictability of construction schedules and costs, the United States is unlikely to see a substantial expansion of its nuclear fleet in the near future. The biggest current obstacles are cheap shale gas and continued mandates and subsidies for other forms of generation, particularly renewables. State and federal ...

 
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Fresh Leak at Fukushima Nuclear Plant Sees 70-Fold Radiation Spike

Posted: Feb 24, 2015 15:31 CST
RT

Another radioactive water leak in the sea has been detected at the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant, the facility’s operator TEPCO announced. Contamination levels in the gutter reportedly spiked up 70 times over regular readings. The sensors are connected to the gutter that pours rain and ground water from the plant to a bay adjacent to the facility.

 

Details of an Underground Top-Secret Site Currently Used By the Iranian Regime for Research and Development with Advanced Centrifuges for Uranium Enrichment

Posted: Feb 24, 2015 15:30 CST
NCRI

The following information is the result of a decade-long, detailed, risky and complex effort by the network of the NCRI’s main component, the Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK) inside Iran. The MEK has obtained this intelligence from highly placed sources within the Iranian regime as well as those involved in the nuclear weapons projects. The process of vetting and corroborating this information involved multiple sources, acting independent of one another over a span of many years. The vetting and verif...

 

P5+1 and Iran Nuclear Talks Alert, February 23

Posted: Feb 24, 2015 15:29 CST
Arms Control Association (originally published Feb 23, 2015)

Negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran over the weekend focused on key technical issues, with U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz joining U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in Geneva for talks with Iran on a comprehensive nuclear deal. The Feb. 22-23 meetings were Moniz's first as part of the U.S. team negotiating a comprehensive nuclear deal. If an agreement is reached, Moniz will be a key validator. The technical expertise of the Department of Energy will play a critical role in assuring the...

 

N. Korea's Nuclear Stockpile Could Expand to 100 Weapons: U.S. Expert

Posted: Feb 24, 2015 15:29 CST
Yonhap

North Korea's nuclear stockpile could expand to as many as 100 weapons by 2020, a U.S. expert said Tuesday, calling for greater international attention and efforts to stop the communist regime from its nuclear rush. Joel Wit, the chief analyst running the website 38 North at Johns Hopkins University, announced the projections during a seminar, saying Pyongyang is currently believed to have 10-16 nuclear weapons, six to eight of them based on plutonium and four to eight based on weapons-grade...

 
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US-Canadian Partnership for Isotopes

Posted: Feb 23, 2015 13:47 CST
World Nuclear News

A Canadian-US partnership has been announced to create a "new, reliable supply," of medical isotopes for use worldwide. Canada's Nordion and its US parent company Sterigenics International signed partnership agreements on 20 February with the USA's General Atomics (GA) and the University of Missouri Research Reactor Center (MURR). Through the agreements, sterilization specialist Sterigenics and radioisotope supplier Nordion will be supplied with molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) produced in MURR's resear...

 

Russia Makes Progress with Radwaste Data Management

Posted: Feb 23, 2015 13:46 CST
World Nuclear News

Russia has introduced an automated system for the accounting and control of its radioactive substances and waste that encompasses more than 2000 organizations. The system follows an order by state nuclear corporation Rosatom, 113 subsidiaries of which account for 96% of the country's radioactive substances and waste. The system automates the collection and monitoring of the availability, production, transmission, receipt, processing, conditioning, siting and deregistration of radioactive subs...

 

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