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Australian PM Tony Abbott to Visit India Next Week; Uranium Deal Tops Agenda

Posted: Sep 1, 2014 16:07 CST (originally published Aug 29, 2014)

Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott will undertake his first visit to India next week to further strengthen the strategic partnership and promote trade and investment between the two countries, which are also likely to ink the much-awaited uranium deal. The negotiations between the two sides have been on since 2012 after Labor party reversed its decision to ban the uranium sale to India because New Delhi has not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

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Nuclear Contractor Areva and Operator TVO Disagree on New Olkiluoto 3 Timetable

Posted: Sep 1, 2014 16:04 CST

The French nuclear plant contractor Areva says the long-delayed Olkiluoto nuclear power reactor could be ready in mid-2016, allowing the operator to fire up the facility for commercial use at the beginning of 2018. But Finnish operator Teollisuuden Voima (TVO) said a 2018 start simply isn’t good enough.

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India Not Revisiting Its Nuclear Doctrine, Modi Assures Japan

Posted: Sep 1, 2014 16:03 CST
The Times of India (originally published Aug 30, 2014)

Keeping in view Tokyo's nuclear sensitivities on the eve of his visit to Japan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has stressed that India is not revising its nuclear doctrine. In an interview to Japanese journalists here, Modi said, "While every government naturally takes into account the latest assessment of strategic scenarios and makes adjustments as necessary, there is a tradition of national consensus and continuity on such issues. I can tell you that currently, we are not taking any initiat...

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After Deadline, Iran says it is Still Working on Nuclear Steps for IAEA

Posted: Sep 1, 2014 16:01 CST

Iran held talks with the U.N. nuclear watchdog on Sunday about its investigation into suspicions that Tehran has conducted atomic bomb research, and is still committed to implementing agreed transparency measures, official media reported on Monday. Iran's envoy to the International Atomic Energy Agency, Reza Najafi, appeared to acknowledge, however, that Tehran had missed a deadline of Aug.25 to meet five requests from the International Atomic Energy Agency about its nuclear program.

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Newly Declassified Documents Reveal How U.S. Agreed To Israel's Nuclear Program

Posted: Sep 1, 2014 15:57 CST
HAARETZ (originally published Aug 31, 2014)

Documents reveal contacts between Washington and Jerusalem in late 1960s, when some Americans believed the nuclear option would not deter Arab leaders but would trigger an atom bomb race. The Obama administration this week declassified papers, after 45 years of top-secret status, documenting contacts between Jerusalem and Washington over American agreement to the existence of an Israeli nuclear option.

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Sea-Basing Threatens India's Minimalist Nuclear Strategy

Posted: Sep 1, 2014 15:56 CST
The Interpreter

Both the draft nuclear doctrine released in 1999 and the official nuclear doctrine released later in 2003 state India's commitment to a minimalist nuclear posture. This nuclear minimalism was best advocated in the policy of credible minimum deterrence (CMD). Two assumptions inform the concept of CMD. First, that deterrence can be projected at low numbers, and second, that a ready arsenal – delivery vehicles mated with warheads at continuous alert – is unnecessary. The commitment to low number...


U.S. Adds Penalties Amid Resistance by Iran to Inspection of Nuclear Work

Posted: Sep 1, 2014 15:55 CST
The New York Times (originally published Aug 29, 2014)

Amid signs that Iran’s military is resisting efforts to open its nuclear program to deeper inspection, the Obama administration on Friday imposed sanctions on several Iranian organizations, including one run by the reclusive scientist who is widely believed to direct research on building nuclear weapons. In a statement, the White House said the sanctions were a continuation of its strategy to crack down on groups suspected of seeking to avoid or violate existing sanctions, even as “the United...


Putin: You Better Not Come After a Nuclear-Armed Russia

Posted: Sep 1, 2014 15:54 CST
CNN (originally published Aug 30, 2014)

Don’t mess with Russia. That was President Vladimir Putin’s message on Friday, the same day a British government source claimed that Russian troops had significantly ratcheted up their military incursion into Ukraine. Moscow doesn’t want or intend to wade into any “large-scale conflicts,” Putin insisted at a youth forum, state-run Itar-Tass reported. A few breaths later, he made the point that Russia is “strengthening our nuclear deterrence forces and our armed forces,” making them more effic...


Confidence -- What Does It Mean For Nuclear Waste?

Posted: Aug 29, 2014 15:36 CST

Can we be confident that we can handle our nuclear waste in America? On Tuesday, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission said – yes. The NRC made a small but incredibly important decision about nuclear waste that could finally get nuclear energy moving forward again. In response to a 2012 ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals, the NRC approved a generic environmental impact statement that clears the way for storing spent nuclear fuel for a hundred years or more (NRC Ruling). New nuclear power plants ...


Regulating India’s Nuclear Estate

Posted: Aug 29, 2014 15:35 CST
The Hindu

For the country’s nuclear energy sector plans to be effective, the government should lift the veil of opaqueness surrounding its civilian program. The first step would be to establish an autonomous, transparent and accountable regulatory institution. The 2014 Nuclear Materials Security Index prepared by the Washington-based Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) has ranked India 23rd out of 25 countries with weapons-usable nuclear materials. While the NTI ranking has been criticized for a variety of...

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Plutonium Mountain: Inside the 17-Year Mission to Secure A Dangerous Legacy of Soviet Nuclear Testing

Posted: Aug 29, 2014 15:34 CST
Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (originally published Aug 15, 2014)

On the desolate steppe of eastern Kazakhstan, the Soviet Union carried out 456 nuclear explosive tests during the Cold War at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, which sprawls over an area approximately the size of Belgium. Of these, the Soviet Union performed 116 tests in the atmosphere, and 340 underground. When scientists and military personnel withdrew from Kazakhstan following the collapse of the Soviet Union, they abandoned tunnels and bore holes filled with plutonium residue—enough plutonium...


Status of Iran’s Nuclear Program in Relation to the Joint Plan of Action

Posted: Aug 29, 2014 15:33 CST
ISIS (originally published Aug 19, 2014)

This report provides information on the status of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s nuclear program in relation to the “voluntary measures,” that Iran has agreed to undertake as part of the Joint Plan of Action (JPA) agreed between the E3+3 and Iran on November 24, 2013. The report is dated 20 August 2014; however, it is being released to the public today.

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Why Indian and Pakistani Sea-Based Nukes Are So Troubling

Posted: Aug 29, 2014 15:33 CST
The Interpreter

The danger of sea-based nuclear weapons in Asia depends on the strategic context of the potential protagonists, along with the particulars of the platforms, delivery system, and doctrines. Perhaps the least menacing in the short term is the interaction between India and China as each builds its sea-based nuclear capability. There are still years to go before each state has systems coupled with the need to deploy them in locations that could lead to dangerous interactions. The India-Pakistan d...

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Centrifuge Research and Development Limitations in Iran

Posted: Aug 29, 2014 15:32 CST

Iran’s centrifuge research and development (R&D) program poses several risks to the verifiability of a comprehensive solution under the Joint Plan of Action. Negotiations on a comprehensive solution should seek to place further limitations on this program and establish effective and expanded monitoring practices as part of an agreement on a mutually defined enrichment program with agreed parameters. Throughout the duration of a long-term comprehensive agreement, Iran’s centrifuge R&D program ...


The Need for a Comprehensive Approach to Reduce Nuclear Risks

Posted: Aug 29, 2014 15:32 CST
FAS Strategic Security Blog (originally published Aug 21, 2014)

There is broad international consensus about reduction of nuclear risks as one of the most relevant drivers to enhance global security. However, degrees of involvement, priorities and approaches adopted to deal with the issue differ from state to state. They are dependent on interests and self-perceived roles as well as cultures and traditions of nations. In today’s multi-polar world, nuclear threats have undeniably increased, and even more so since nuclear terrorism became a plausible threa...

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Abu Dhabi’s Nuclear Plant Makes Impressive Progress

Posted: Aug 28, 2014 19:42 CST

Over half of Abu Dhabi’s first nuclear power plant is already in place and its rate of progress has impressed the International Atomic Energy Agency. More than 55 per cent of Abu Dhabi’s Unit 1 nuclear power plant has now been completed at Barakah in the west of the region and with some nuclear projects in other countries in receipt of bad publicity for costly delays in recent times the UAE example is being lauded.


S. Korea Will Help North Attract Investment If It Gives Up Nukes: Finance Minister

Posted: Aug 28, 2014 19:39 CST

South Korea will help North Korea get international investment if Pyongyang gives up its nuclear ambitions, the country's top economic policymaker said Thursday. "If North Korea decides to abandon its nuclear weapons, we will cooperate with Northeast Asian countries to actively support North Korea's accession to international financial organizations and its attraction of international investment," Finance Minister Choi Kyung-hwan told a forum that discussed economic cooperation among Asian co...

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Modi Eyes Breakthrough Nuclear Pact on Japan Trip

Posted: Aug 28, 2014 14:59 CST
Reuters (originally published Aug 27, 2014)

India is hoping to win Japanese backing for a nuclear energy pact during a visit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and lure investment into its $85 billion market while addressing Japan's concern about doing business with a nuclear-armed country. India has been pushing for an agreement with Japan on the lines of a 2008 deal with the United States under which India was allowed to import U.S. nuclear fuel and technology without giving up its military nuclear program.


Don’t Help Russia Destroy the INF Treaty

Posted: Aug 28, 2014 14:57 CST
European Leadership Network

The annual treaty compliance report released by the United States in July contained a much anticipated statement that accused Russia of noncompliance with the terms of the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. Reports about Russia’s noncompliance first surfaced in July 2013, but it took the United States a year to make its finding public. A violation of a major nuclear arms control agreement is, of course, a serious matter, so it hardly surprising that the U.S. administration has found it...


Worldwide Deployments of Nuclear Weapons, 2014

Posted: Aug 28, 2014 14:56 CST
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (originally published Aug 26, 2014)

As of mid-2014, the authors estimate that there are approximately 16,300 nuclear weapons located at some 98 sites in 14 countries. Roughly 10,000 of these weapons are in military arsenals; the remaining weapons are retired and awaiting dismantlement. Approximately 4,000 are operationally available, and some 1,800 are on high alert and ready for use on short notice. The largest concentrations of nuclear weapons reside in Russia and the United States, which possess 93 percent of the total globa...



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Nuclear Security Science and Policy Institute
336 Zachry Engineering Center,Texas A&M University
College Station, TX, 77843 USA

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