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Slow Disarmament Progress Will Hamper NPT Review

Posted: Apr 24, 2015 16:12 CST
IISS

Representatives of states and non-governmental organizations will gather in New York from 27 April for four weeks to discuss the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). This quinquennial meeting, known as the Review Conference, or RevCon, provides a forum for NPT signatories to assess progress made in implementing the treaty and to recommend future efforts to strengthen its three pillars: non-proliferation, disarmament and peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The 2015 RevCon is likely to be a div...

 
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Minister Approves Australian Uranium Project

Posted: Apr 24, 2015 15:33 CST
World Nuclear News

The Kintyre uranium project in Western Australia has received environmental approval from the country's federal government. Federal environment minister Greg Hunt's approval is conditional on the development meeting various environmental, radiation and other criteria. Although the approval does not expire until 2045, development must begin within five years. Beyond that time, further ministerial agreement would be required.

 

Mark Fitzpatrick: South Korea Nuclear Cooperation Deal Not As Simple As 123

Posted: Apr 24, 2015 15:32 CST
IISS (originally published Apr 23, 2015)

After five years of negotiation, the United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK) concluded a new nuclear-energy cooperation agreement on 22 April. As a non-proliferation wonk, I am pleased that Washington stuck to non-proliferation principles in resisting further expansion of sensitive nuclear technologies. As a Korea hand, (having served my first diplomatic posting in Seoul and fallen in love with the country), I am pleased that the updated agreement recognizes South Korea’s tremendous str...

 
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China Helps South Africa Develop its Nuclear Workforce

Posted: Apr 24, 2015 15:32 CST
World Nuclear News

South Africa has signed two further nuclear energy cooperation agreements with China as part of preparations towards the possible construction of new nuclear power units. The move came as the first group of South African workers began a nuclear power plant training course at a Chinese university, as agreed under an earlier accord.

 
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Matthew Cottee: Third Time Lucky For a Russia-Myanmar Nuclear Deal?

Posted: Apr 24, 2015 15:31 CST
IISS

Russia recently agreed to provide Myanmar with nuclear technology. This is not the first time such a deal has been attempted; previous Russian efforts to develop nuclear facilities in Myanmar occurred in the early and mid-2000s but failed to materialize. The latest iteration has greater potential, however. The Burmese government has a long-standing interest in nuclear energy, but more importantly, the cooperation aligns with Russia’s recurrent strategy to influence states by providing them wi...

 

U.S. Says Iran Nuclear Deal Will Not Allow North Korea-Style Slippage

Posted: Apr 24, 2015 15:30 CST
The Japan Times

The United States said Thursday that any deal reached with Iran to curb its nuclear ambitions would be “fundamentally different,” from a pact sealed with North Korea that later unraveled. “The restrictions, inspections and verifications measures imposed on Iran by a comprehensive plan of action will go far beyond those placed on North Korea in the 1990s and the 2000s,” said acting State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf. She was quizzed about reports that Chinese nuclear experts believe North...

 
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New Dawn for the NPT

Posted: Apr 23, 2015 17:57 CST
Foreign Affairs

On Monday, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry will travel to New York to convince the world that the United States is working toward a world free of nuclear weapons. He has a stronger case than you might think. The occasion is the review conference for the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), which has been convened every five years since its entry into force in 1970. World diplomats will work to ensure that the treaty’s basic bargain is still sound: as long as the five original nuclear pow...

 
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China Warns North Korean Nuclear Threat Is Rising

Posted: Apr 23, 2015 15:42 CST
Wall Street Journal (originally published Apr 22, 2015)

China’s top nuclear experts have increased their estimates of North Korea’s nuclear weapons production well beyond most previous U.S. figures, suggesting Pyongyang can make enough warheads to threaten regional security for the U.S. and its allies. The latest Chinese estimates, relayed in a closed-door meeting with U.S. nuclear specialists, showed that North Korea may already have 20 warheads, as well as the capability of producing enough weapons-grade uranium to double its arsenal by next yea...

 
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US Has 'Comfortable' Ability to Monitor Iran Program: Moniz

Posted: Apr 23, 2015 15:42 CST
CNBC

The United States would have enough time under a framework agreement to intervene should it detect Iran is using its nuclear program for military purposes, U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz said on Thursday. "For a considerable time period, 10 years at a minimum, we will have I would say a very comfortable ability to detect any military activity related to the nuclear program and we would have adequate time to respond. Then over time we still have very strong constraints going forward," he t...

 
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Just How Many Nuclear Weapons Does North Korea Have? A Look at the Numbers

Posted: Apr 23, 2015 15:41 CST
Wall Street Journal

Estimating the size of North Korea’s nuclear arsenal is a high-stakes guessing game. Nuclear specialists look at a range of variables, including the country’s capacity to produce centrifuges needed to enrich uranium, and how much of the end product would likely go into each bomb. The latest Chinese estimate that North Korea could have 20 warheads today and 40 by 2016, reported exclusively by the Wall Street Journal on Thursday, surpasses that of most U.S. experts.

 
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Argentina, Russia Sign Nuclear Reactor and Fuel Deals

Posted: Apr 23, 2015 15:39 CST
World Nuclear News

Russian President Vladimir Putin is to sign an agreement today, during a state visit to Moscow by Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, that paves the way for Rosatom to build a sixth nuclear reactor in the South American country. Kirchner said in a statement yesterday that the agreement reflected the leaders' shared belief that constructing nuclear power plants "will be a trend across the world," thanks to the appeal of low-cost electricity generation.

 
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Four Indigenous Nuclear Reactors Will Be Ready By 2019: Government

Posted: Apr 23, 2015 15:39 CST
Economic Times (originally published Apr 22, 2015)

Four indigenous nuclear power reactors under construction in two plants in Gujarat and Rajasthan will be completed by 2019, the government said today. "Four indigenous nuclear power reactors - KAPP 3&4 (2X700 MW) at Kakrapar, Gujarat and RAPP 7&8 (2X700 MW) at Rawatbhata, Rajasthan - are under construction and expected to be completed by 2019," Minister for State for the Department of Atomic Energy Jitendra Singh said in a written response to the Lok Sabha. "In addition, a prototype fast br...

 

How South Korea Can Take Advantage of Nuclear Cooperation with the United States

Posted: Apr 22, 2015 15:53 CST
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Korean and U.S. officials concluded negotiation today on a new nuclear cooperation agreement to replace the existing, outdated one from 1974. The new agreement is an important inflection point: it marks the transition from an imbalanced relationship built on the model of U.S. as supplier to Korea, to a new partnership based on reciprocity and mutual interest in safe and secure growth of nuclear power. The agreement treasures South Korea’s unique position as the world’s largest nuclear power ...

 

Comments on the April 20, 2015 IAEA Report on the Status of Iran’s Compliance with the Joint Plan of Action

Posted: Apr 22, 2015 15:52 CST
ISIS (originally published Apr 20, 2015)

ISIS comments on the IAEA's most recent report on the status of Iran's compliance with the Joint Plan of Action (JPA).

 

Status of Iran’s Nuclear Program In relation to the Joint Plan of Action

Posted: Apr 22, 2015 15:51 CST
ISIS (originally published Apr 20, 2015)

As foreshadowed in GOV/2014/2, this report provides information on the status of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s (Iran’s) nuclear program in relation to the “voluntary measures,” that Iran has agreed to undertake as part of the Joint Plan of Action (JPA) agreed between the E3+3 and Iran on 24 November 2013. The JPA took effect on 20 January 2014, initially for a period of six months. On 24 July 2014, the JPA was extended until 24 November 2014, and on 24 November 2014 it was further extended u...

 
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Atomic Labs across the U.S. Race to Stop Iran

Posted: Apr 22, 2015 15:50 CST
New York Times

When diplomats at the Iran talks in Switzerland pummeled Department of Energy scientists with difficult technical questions — like how to keep Iran’s nuclear plants open but ensure that the country was still a year away from building a bomb — the scientists at times turned to a secret replica of Iran’s nuclear facilities built deep in the forests of Tennessee. There inside a gleaming plant at the Oak Ridge nuclear reservation were giant centrifuges — some surrendered more than a decade ago by...

 

Decoding the Iran Nuclear Deal: Key Questions, Points of Divergence, Pros and Cons, Pending Legislation, and Essential Facts

Posted: Apr 22, 2015 15:48 CST
Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

On April 2, 2015, the EU (on behalf of the P5+1 countries) and Iran announced agreement on “key parameters,” for a comprehensive nuclear deal with Iran. The EU-Iran Joint Statement is buttressed by unilateral fact sheets issued by the U.S. and Iran, which provide further details of the framework accord. Not surprisingly, differences have emerged between the U.S. and Iranian versions of the deal. These differences reflect both political spin and remaining issues that have not been resolved. In...

 

Obama Proposes Nuclear Cooperation between USA and China

Posted: Apr 22, 2015 15:48 CST
World Nuclear News

Barack Obama has issued a presidential determination, published in the Federal Register yesterday, on a proposed agreement for cooperation between the USA and China concerning the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The proposed agreement provides a comprehensive framework for peaceful nuclear cooperation with China based on a mutual commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. It would permit the transfer of material, equipment (including reactors), components, information, and technology for nuclea...

 

Japan Court Approves Restart of Reactors in Boost for Abe's Nuclear Policy

Posted: Apr 22, 2015 15:48 CST
Reuters

A Japanese court has rejected a legal bid to block the reopening of the Sendai nuclear power station on safety grounds, removing one of the last big hurdles to switching reactors back on after the 2011 Fukushima crisis paralyzed the industry. Wednesday's ruling by the Kagoshima District Court is a boost for Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who wants to reboot nuclear power to help cut reliance on expensive fossil fuel imports. It is also a vote of confidence for a revamped regulator and suggests an...

 

South Korea Wins Revisions to Nuclear Treaty with USA

Posted: Apr 22, 2015 15:47 CST
World Nuclear News

South Korea may one day be able to enrich uranium to produce non-weapons grade nuclear fuel under a deal reached with the USA yesterday. The agreement also ensures that the USA will provide South Korea with a stable supply of fuel for its nuclear reactors. The deal reflects changes to a nuclear pact - a 123 agreement - the two countries signed in 1974 and which was scheduled to expire last month. A 123 agreement gets its name from a section of the US Atomic Energy Act of 1954, which establish...

 

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