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Nuclear Safeguards Education Portal

Definitions, Page 2

Insider -opportunityThe insider can take advantage of their organizational role in three primary and dangerous ways. 

  • Physical or virtual access to buildings or information, such as:
    • Authorized access to work areas and vehicles;
    • Unescorted access;
    • Emergency access (fire, medical, police);
    • Easy to obtain unauthorized access; and
    • Special site or transportation equipment.
  • The authority of their position grants the power to enforce compliance or avoid detection, such as:
    • Authority over people, such as designated authority over others, or personal influence over others;
    • Authority over tasks and equipment, such as assessment of alarms, preparation of sensitive forms, and authorization of processes and procedures;
    • Temporary authority;
    • Falsified authority; and
    • Exemption from procedures.
  • Intimate knowledge of a facility and its protocol and technical proficiency of the organization's work allows an insider to bypass detection mechanisms or procedures that are designed to guard against an outside threat. Specific knowledge may include:
    • Targets - their locations, characteristics, and other pertinent details
    • Details of facility layout or convoy design;
    • Knowledge of security systems;
    • Knowledge of security force capabilities and communications;
    • Details of facility and convoy operations;
    • Location and details of safety and security protection systems;
    • Skills to use machines, tools or special equipment; and
    • Knowledge of how to bypass detection equipment.

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