Uranium mine and concentration (ore processing) plant
Installations, respectively, for mining uranium ore and for refining it to produce uranium ore concentrate, most commonly into concentrated crude oxide, U3O8 (often called yellow cake). Uranium mining and ore processing are activities which are not required to be declared, although certain imports and exports of ore concentrate are required to be reported to the IAEA. The State shall provide the IAEA with information specifying the location, the operational status and the estimated annual production capacity of uranium mines and concentration plants and thorium concentration plants, and the current annual production of such mines and concentration plants for the State as a whole. Further, the State shall provide, upon request by the IAEA, the current annual production of an individual mine or concentration plant. The provision of this information does not require detailed nuclear material accountancy.